You are given a collection of $N$ non-empty strings, denoted by $S_1, S_2, \ldots , S_ n$. Then you are given $N$-$1$ operations which you execute in the order they are given. The $i^{th}$ operation is has the following format: ‘$a$ $b$’ ($1$-based indexing, without the quotes), which means that you have to make the following changes:
$S_ a = S_ a + S_ b$, i.e. concatenate $a^{th}$ string and $b^{th}$ string and store the result in $a^{th}$ string,
$S_ b$ = "", i.e. make the $b^{th}$ string empty, after doing the previous step.
You are ensured that after the $i^{th}$ operation, there will be no future operation that will be accessing $S_ b$. Given these operations to join strings, print the last string that will remain at the end of this process.
The first line contains an integer $N$ ($1 \le N \le 10^5$) denoting the number of strings given. Each of the next $N$ lines contains a string denoting the $S_ i$. All the characters in the string $S_ i$ are lowercase alphabets from ‘a’ to ‘z’. The total number of characters over all the strings is at most $10^6$, i.e $\sum _{i = 1}^{N}|S_ i| \leq 10^6$, where $|S_ i|$ denotes the length of the $i^{th}$ string. After these $N$ strings, each of the next $N$-$1$ lines contain two integers $a$ and $b$, such that $a \neq b$ and $1 \le a, b \le N$ denoting the $i^{th}$ operation.
Print the last string which remains at the end of the $N$-$1$ operations.
The I/O files are large. Please use fast I/O methods.
Sample Input 1 | Sample Output 1 |
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4 cute cat kattis is 3 2 4 1 3 4 |
kattiscatiscute |
Sample Input 2 | Sample Output 2 |
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3 howis this practicalexam 1 2 1 3 |
howisthispracticalexam |