Demerit Points

A province to our west, which shall remain nameless, but whose name does not start with A, B, or S, has a unique system for driverâ€™s license demerit and merit points. The system works (more or less) as follows.

A new driver starts with no merit or demerit points. When the driver is convicted of a driving offense, he or she is given between $2$ and $15$ demerit points, depending on the severity of the offense.

A merit point is given, to a maximum of five, for each interval of two years in which a driver has no offenses and no demerit points. Each merit point cancels up to two demerit points. If a subsequent offense occurs and the number of demerit points exceeds double the number of merit points, the number of demerit points is reduced by double the number of merit points, and the number of merit points is set to $0$. If a subsequent offense occurs and the number of demerit points is less than or equal to double the number of merit points, the number of demerit points is reduced to $0$, and the number of merit points is reduced by half the number of demerit points. Any fractional merit points are discarded.

Demerit points are reduced whenever a driver has one year free of any driving offense. This reduction decreases the number of demerits by half or by $2$, whichever is more. Any fractional or negative demerit points are discarded. This reduction takes place on each anniversary of the most recent offense until no points remain.

If a new offense occurs on the same day as a demerit point reduction or merit point award, the reduction/award is done before the new demerit points are given.

Your job is to read a set of information records for a driver, and to print the number of merit or demerit points at any given time.

The first line of input contains the date of issue of the license (in YYYYMMDD format). Subsequent lines contain information on up to $50$ offenses, in chronological order. Each such line contains the offense date (in YYYYMMDD format) and the number of points applied (an integer between $2$ and $15$).

You may assume that the dates in the input are valid, that the year is at least $1900$ at most $2999$, and that no input date is a leap day (Feb $29$).

For the day the license is issued, and for every occasion that the number of merit or demerit points changes, output a line giving the date and the number of points, in the format below. Output terminates when $5$ merit points are accumulated following the last offense.

Sample Input 1 | Sample Output 1 |
---|---|

19820508 19830606 2 19830607 2 19891212 15 |
1982-05-08 No merit or demerit points. 1983-06-06 2 demerit point(s). 1983-06-07 4 demerit point(s). 1984-06-07 2 demerit point(s). 1985-06-07 No merit or demerit points. 1987-06-07 1 merit point(s). 1989-06-07 2 merit point(s). 1989-12-12 11 demerit point(s). 1990-12-12 5 demerit point(s). 1991-12-12 2 demerit point(s). 1992-12-12 No merit or demerit points. 1994-12-12 1 merit point(s). 1996-12-12 2 merit point(s). 1998-12-12 3 merit point(s). 2000-12-12 4 merit point(s). 2002-12-12 5 merit point(s). |